Canadian Private and Recreational Pilot Groundschool Manual

Table of Contents

 

LICENSING REQUIREMENTS

Aviation Document Booklet

Aviation Language Proficiency

Categories and Classes

Student Pilot Permit

Recreational Pilot Permit

Private Pilot Licence (day VFR)

Completion Requirements

Examination Administration

Night Rating

VFR Over-the-Top Rating

Commercial Pilot Licence (day and night VFR and VFR OTT)

Instrument Rating

Multi-engine Class Rating

Seaplane Rating

Multi-crew Pilot Licence-Aeroplane

Airline Transport Pilot Licence

Pilot Personal Logs

Recency Requirements

Five-year Recency

Recurrent Training Program

Medical Certificate.

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

AIRFRAMES, ENGINES AND SYSTEMS—PART I

Definitions

Parts of an Aeroplane

Fuselage

Wing

Tail

Propulsion

Undercarriage

Load and Load Factors

Normal and Utility Categories

Manoeuvring Speed and Gust Loads

Logbooks and Inspections

Certificates of Airworthiness

Non-airworthiness

Airworthiness Directives

Service Bulletins

Pilot Operating Handbooks

Pilot Maintenance

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

AIRFRAMES, ENGINES AND SYSTEMS—PART II

Definitions

Engine Types and Characteristics

Radial Engines

In-Line Engines

Horizontally opposed

Parts of an Engine

Four Strokes of an Engine

Timing

Cooling

Oil

Fuel and Fuel Systems

Pilot Mixture Control

Fuel Systems

Special Considerations associated with Fuel

Carburettor Icing

Superchargers and Turbochargers

Ignition

Electrical Power

Propellers

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
AERODYNAMICS AND THEORY OF FLIGHT

Forces of Flight

Lift

Weight

Thrust

Drag

Generating Lift

Airfoils

Bernoulli’s Theorem

Ram Air

Angle of Attack

Drag

Parasitic Drag

Induced drag

Boundary Layer

Aileron Drag

Stalls

Factors that affect the Stal

Snow, frost, ice and dirt

Weight

Centre of Gravity

Turbulence

Turns

Flaps

Spins

Lift-drag ratio

Wing Design.

Laminar and conventional airfoils

Angle of incidence

Washout

Stall Strips

Airfoil Variation

Stability

Longitudinal

Lateral

Directional

Forces during Takeoff

Torque

Precession

Slipstream

Asymmetric thrust

Climbs

Best Angle Climb (Vx)

Best Rate Climb (Vy)

Normal or Cruise Climb

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

CANADIAN AVIATION REGULATIONS

Airports

Runways and Taxiways

The Circuit

Uncontrolled Airports

Mandatory Frequency Airports

Controlled Airports

Clearances and Instructions

Airspace Classification

Northern and Southern Domestic Airspace

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class D

Class E

Class F

Class G

VHF and LF Airways

Control Zones

VFR Weather Minimum

Special VFR

VFR Over-the Top

Cruising Altitudes

Altimeter Rules

VFR Flight Plans

NOTAMs

National Security

Emergency Location Transmitters (ELT)

Priority Radio Communications

Transponder Requirements

Fuel Requirements

Passenger Briefings

Pilot Privilege

Alcohol

Anaesthetics

Wake Turbulence

Wake Turbulence Regulations

Departures

Wake Turbulence Rules of Thumb

Jet Blast Hazard

Seat Requirements

Oxygen

Documents on Board Aircraft

Aircraft Equipment Requirements

Operational and Emergency Equipment Requirements

Additional Equipment Requirements

Aircraft Icing

Minimum Altitude

Rules of the Air

Student Pilot Permit Examination (PSTAR) Study Questions

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

FLIGHT OPERATIONS

Flight Information Services

En route Communication

Weight and Balance

Requirements

Procedure

Weight, Balance and Performance

Pressure and Density Altitude

Takeoff Performance

Airspeeds

Cruise Power Setting

Fuel Consumption

Fuel, Distance and Time to Climb

Landing Errors

Landing Illusions

Precision Approach Path Indicators (PAPI)

Landing Rules of Thumb

Crosswind Landing Limitations

Mid-air Collisions

Bird Strikes

Flight over Water

Whiteout

Mountain Flying

Be Prepared!

Mogas

Operational Considerations

Mogas Requirements

Emergency Locator Transmitter

Medical Factors

Insurance

Marshalling Signals

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

HUMAN FACTORS AND PILOT DECISION-MAKING

Background

What about you?

Human Factors and Pilot Error

Accident Rates

Exposure to Accident Risk

The Accident Pilot Profile

Experience and Greatest Accident Risk

Use of Checklists

Disorientation—178 Seconds

Hypoxia

Empty-Field Myopia

The Pilot Decision-making Process

Situation

Options

Choose

Act

Evaluate

Loss of Situational Awareness

Stress

Cockpit stress management Rules of Thumb

Risk Management and the Pilot’s Checklist

Hazardous Attitudes

Case Studies

PSA 182 (Pacific Southwest Airlines), Lindbergh Field, San Diego, September 25, 1978

Eastern Air Lines 401(Eastern Air Lines), Lockheed L-1011, Miami International Airport, December 29, 1972

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
METEOROLOGY—PART I (GENERAL)

The Atmosphere

Standard Atmosphere

Clouds

Cloud Classification

Sky Opacity

Pressure

Coriolis Force

Local Phenomenon Winds

Humidity

Heating

Cooling

Stability

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

METEOROLOGY—PART II (ACTIVE WEATHER)

Air Masses

Fronts

Frontal Depression

The Warm Front

The Cold Front

Other Fronts and Associated Weather

Clouds and Precipitation of Active Weather

Fog

Additional Weather Terms

Thunderstorms

Rules of thunderstorm Avoidance

Icing

Icing rules of thumb

Regional Weather of British Columbia

Victoria and Nanaimo

Lower-Mainland Airports

Fraser Valley

Route Descriptions

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
WEATHER INFORMATION

Aviation Weather Reports (METAR)

Type of Report

Station identification

Date and Time of Issue

Wind

Prevailing Visibility

Runway Visual Range

Present Weather

Sky Opacity

Temperature, Dew Point, Altimeter Setting Pressure

Wind Shear

Remarks

Special Weather Reports (SPECI)

AWOS

Graphic Area Forecasts (GFA)

General GFA Format

GFA Weather Information—CLDS & WX GFA

Clouds

Weather and Visibility

Winds and Pressure

Dynamic Systems

GFA Weather Information— ICG/TURBC/FRLVL

Icing

Turbulence

Freezing Level Isotherms

GFA Amendments and Corrections

Aerodrome Forecasts (TAF)

Change Groups: From, Becoming, Temporary, and Probability

Upper Winds (FD)

Other Reports

Getting the Weather

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

NAVIGATION

Terms and Concepts

Magnetic Compass

Aviation Charts

Reading the VNC

Triangulation of Velocities

Navigation Preparation

Preparing the Chart

Navigation Planning—Pre-weather

Variation

 Pre-flight (with weather information)

Why all the detail on the Worksheet?

The Fuel Log

Flight Plan

Items on an ATC Flight Plan Form

Methods of Course Correction

Double Track Method

Opening-Closing Angle Method

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

RADIO NAVIGATION

VOR

ADF

GPS

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS

Pitot-static Instruments

Airspeed Indicator

Altimeter

Vertical Speed Indicator

Gyro Instruments

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

Index