Canadian Instrument Rating Groundschool Manual

Table of Contents

 

PERSONNEL LICENSING

Instrument Rating Group

Knowledge

Experience

Skill

Validity Period and Renewal

Recency Requirements

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
AIRSPACE CLASSIFICATION

Northern and Southern Domestic Airspace

Altimeter Regions

Flight Information Regions

Airspace Classes

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class D

Class E

Class F

Class G

Airways

Control Zones

Mountainous Areas

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS

Pitot-static Instruments

Airspeed Indicator

Altimeter

Vertical Speed Indicator

Malfunction of the Pitot-Static System

Gyro Instruments

Slip and Skid Indications

Turns and Turn Indications

Instrument Scanning

Control and Performance Instruments

Selective Radial Scan

Magnetic Compass

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

RADIO NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Radio Concepts and Terms

VOR

RMI Display

ADF

Bearing Indicators and RMI

ILS

DME

Area Navigation Systems

INS

RNAV

LORAN-C

GNSS (GPS)

Constellation

Measurement

“P” and “C/A” Codes

LEG and OBS Modes

IFR GPS and RAIM.

WAAS

TSOs, LNAV, VNAV, and LPV

Radar

Primary and Secondary

En Route and Terminal Control System

Precision Approach Radar (PAR)

Airport Surface Radar

Navigation Equipment Interference

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

IFR Navigation Charts

Communication

Scale

Airspace

MOCA and MEA

Minimum Reception Altitude

Radio Aids, Distance and Course Data

Navigation and Communication Data Boxes

Airport Data

Changeover Points

ADF, VOR, and GPS Navigation Procedures

Homing and Tracking

Orientation—Paralleling the Track

Navigation Formula

Relative Bearing

Time and Distance to Station

Track Measurement

QUESTIONS

Answers

 
IFR RULES AND PROCEDURES—GENERAL

IFR Clearances

Jurisdiction

The Contract

Verbalisation

Impromptu

Dynamic

Choreography

Efficiency

The Master Clearance

Master Clearance Modifications and Changes

Sub-clearances

Clearance Limit

Clearance Rules

Read-backs

Conformity and Compliance

IFR in VMC

Emergencies and Communication Failures

Communications Failure—General Requirements

Communications Failure in VMC

Communications Failure  in IMC

Communications Failure—Additional Considerations

Communication Failure Scenarios

En Route Portion

Arrival Portion

Langley Departure

Vancouver SID Departure

Vancouver STAR Arrival

Vectored Approach

Navigatio-aid Malfunctions

Instrument Procedures Development

IFR Flight Plans

When to file

Changes during flight

Composite IFR and VFR planning

Intermediate Stops

Consecutive IFR flight planning

IFR training flight plans

Alternate Airport Requirements

Alternate Fuel Requirements

Alternate Weather Requirements

General Provisions

GPS Restriction

Precision and Non-precision Approaches

Separate Runways

Usable Runways

The HAT and the VIS

The Sliding Scale

Abbotsford as an Alternate

The Alternate  Math

Vancouver as an Alternate

Kamloops as an Alternate

Weather Information for Alternate Airports

Fort Langley as an Alternate

Utilizing GPS Approaches at Alternate Airports

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

IFR DEPARTURES—RULES AND PROCEDURES

Departure Obstacle and Terrain Clearance

Unspecified Departure Procedures

Specified Departure Procedures

Unrestricted IFR Departures (½)

Restricted IFR Departures (*)

General Departure Requirements

Initial Contact

IFR Clearances

Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs)

Release from Tower Frequency

Noise Abatement

IFR Departures from Uncontrolled Airports

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

IFR EN ROUTE AND HOLDS—RULES AND PROCEDURES

En route

Position Reporting

Mach Number Clearances and Reports

True Airspeed Requirements

Climbs and Descents

Visual Climbs and Descents

Minimum IFR Altitudes

MEAs and MOCAs

MRAs

ATC Altitude Assignment

1000’-on-Top (IFR)

Clearances to enter or leave Controlled Airspace

Clearance Limit

IFR in Uncontrolled Airspace

Holds and Holding Procedure

Hold Clearance Format

Hold Anatomy

Standard Holding Pattern

Non-standard Holding Pattern

Hold Entries

The POD Method

Timing

DME Holds

Holding Speed Limits

Shuttle Procedures

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

IFR ARRIVALS—RULES AND PROCEDURES

Anatomy of Instrument Approaches

Initial Segment

Initial Segment—MSA Transitions

Initial Segment—Specified Transitions

Intermediate Segments—Procedure Turns

Intermediate Segments—Intermediate Fixes

Intermediate Segments—DME Arcs

Final-Approach Segment

Straight-in Approaches

Circling for Landing

GPS Minima (Straight-in and Circling)

Missed Approach Segment

Arrival Communications and Procedures

STARs

Profile Descents

Approach Ban

Approach Clearance

“Open” Approach Clearance

Frequency Change and Descents

Descending out of Controlled Airspace

Minimum Weather Conditions

Contact Approaches

Visual Approaches

“Radar Required” Approaches

Speed Adjustments and Restrictions

Precision Radar Approaches

Initial Contact with Control Towers

Position Reporting at Controlled and Uncontrolled Airports

IFR Procedures at Airports in Uncontrolled Airspace

Outbound Reports

Coffin Corner

Pressure Considerations and Temperature Corrections

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

METEOROLOGY

Thunderstorms

Cumulus Stage

Mature Stage

Dissipation Stage

Thunderstorm Classifications

Frontal Thunderstorms

Squall Line Thunderstorms

Thunderstorm Hazards

Turbulence

Hail

Icing

Altimetry

Lightning

Thunderstorm Flight Procedures

Thunderstorm Wind Shear

Icing 

Super-cooled Water Droplet

Icing rules of thumb

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

WEATHER INFORMATION

Runway Visual Range

Airborne Weather Radar

Lightning Detectors 

QUESTIONS

Answers

 

INDEX