Private Pilot Training Program

Level 1: Basic Flying

PPL-1-1 Attitudes and Movements

 

Flight Crew: Dual

Time Allocation

  • Preparatory Ground Instruction: 20 to 30 Minutes

  • Air Instruction: 1 to 1.5 Hours

  • Flight Units: 1 to 2 Flights

Aim:

The aim of this lesson is to develop the student’s ability to recognize the basic attitudes of flying, and the produce and control the movements necessary to generate those attitudes.

Preparatory Ground Instruction:

During the PGI, the student will learn:

  • safe and coordinated exchange of aircraft control;

  • proper communication of sighted traffic, including the clock system (bearing) and high/low positioning (above and below horizon);

  • aircraft control surfaces and movements associated with them;

  • yaw is a unique aircraft movement that controlled, rather than produced;

  • visual, physical, and instrument indications (confirmation) of the four movements.

  • Flight Safety: transfer of aircraft control;

  • Flight Safety: communication of sighted traffic;

  • Flight Safety: communication before climbs, descents, and turns ("Clear  left/right/above/below").

Air Instruction:

During the flight lesson, the student will also be introduced to the following skills:

 

  • the procedures for the safe and proper preparation for flight, including aircraft pre-flight inspection;

  • during taxi, proper stop-start techniques;

  • the procedures for engine start and pre-takeoff systems checks (run-up), and pre-takeoff checklist;

  • during takeoff, the use of the rudder pedals to maintain straight tracking during the takeoff roll;

  • circuit departure procedure and clearance compliance;

  • navigation to the practice area using geographic-feature tracking;

  • attitudes and movements, including yaw control;

  • preview basic maneuvers (straight and level flight, climbs, descents, and turns);

  • navigate back to the airport using geographic feature tracking;

  • during approach for landing, the use of power to manage glidepath profile;

  • post-flight procedures for after-landing checks, taxiing, shutdown, and securing aircraft.

Post-flight Debriefing:

Review performance: successful performances, areas for improvement and how to improve those areas.

 

Assign readings in preparation for next flight if appropriate:

 

  • FTM: Climbs, descents, turns:

  • POH: Preparation for flight procedures; fuel systems;

  • Radio Procedures: Pre-takeoff and departure communication.

Completion Standards:

Prior to advancing to the next lesson, the student must:

  1. demonstrate the independent ability to use of pitch and roll inputs to generate the cruise attitude, the nose-up attitude, the nose-down attitude, and the banked attitude;

  2. demonstrate awareness of the disruptive nature of yaw and awareness of the importance of controlling yaw during climbs, turn entries, and during power changes.

 

Revision #17-1

PPL-1-2 Basic Maneuvers Part 1

 

Flight Crew: Dual

Time Allocation

  • Preparatory Ground Instruction: 20 to 30 Minutes

  • Air Instruction: 1 to 2.0 hours

  • Flight units: 1 to 2 flights

Aim:

The aim of this lesson is to develop the student’s ability to apply attitudes and movements to the basic maneuvers of flying—straight and level flight, climbs descents, and turns—including developing the student's ability to apply the sequence of pilot action needed to perform this maneuvers so as to achieve target altitudes and heading changes.

Preparatory Ground Instruction:

During the PGI, the student will learn:

  • effective traffic scanning techniques, including target detection and scanning sectors management;

  • proper aircraft trimming using the open-palm technique for pitch trim, and rudder trim operations if applicable;

  • compass errors in relation to setting the heading indicator to the compass during flight;

  • techniques for maintaining straight and level flight;

  • proper and safe execution of climbs and descents to target altitudes;

  • proper and safe execution of gentle and medium turns using banked attitudes;

  • Flight Safety: clearing for traffic prior to executing flight maneuvers ("Clear  left/right/above/below");

  • Flight Safety: detection of traffic on a collision course.

Air Instruction:

During the flight lesson, the student will also be introduced to the following skills:

 

  • the conducting of a safe and proper preparation for flight, including aircraft pre-flight inspection, under Instructor supervision;

  • during taxi, proper stop-start techniques, emphasizing smooth and effective brake inputs that keep the aircraft straight when stopping;

  • conducting engine start and pre-takeoff systems checks (run-up), and pre-takeoff checklist, under Instructor supervision;

  • during the takeoff roll, the proper position of the control column (just aft of the neutral position) to smoothly transition from the takeoff roll to the climb attitude for departure;

  • circuit departure procedure and clearance compliance;

  • the use of basic geographic-features to navigation to and from the practice area;

  • proper and effective aircraft trimming technique (the open-palm technique);

  • maintaining straight and level flight as a platform from which climbs, descents, and turns are executed;

  • proper and safe climbing and descent sequences of action (APT and PAT), including the achievement of flight target related to altitude and heading;

  • proper and safe turn sequence of action (TBATtraffic, bank, altitude, traffic, bank, altitude, etc.), including the achievement of flight target related to altitude and heading;

  • proper sequence of action for efficiently obtaining a clearance to enter the zone and joint the circuit;

  • correct compliance circuit-joining clearance;

  • during approach for landing, the use of the control column to manage speed and centreline profile;

  • the conducting of post-flight procedures for after-landing checks, taxiing, shutdown, and securing aircraft, under Instructor supervision.

Post-flight Debriefing:

Review performance: successful performances, areas for improvement and how to improve those areas.

 

Assign readings in preparation for next flight if appropriate:

  • FTM: Climbs, descents, turns:

  • POH: Preparation for flight procedures; electric systems (alternator and battery operations);

  • Radio Procedures: Pre-takeoff, departure and practice area communication;

  • Map reading—specification of the practice area and map features to use to identify its location.

Completion Standards:

Prior to advancing to the next lesson, the student must:

  1. demonstrate the independent ability to maintain straight and level flight within +/- 150' of a target altitude and +/- 20 degrees of a target heading;

  2. demonstrate the ability to conduct climbs, descents, and turns using the proper sequence of actions;

  3. demonstrate the ability to maintain during level turns +/- 150' of a target altitude, and roll out  within +/- 20 degrees of a heading target, and subsequently to resume straight and level flight to standard;

  4. demonstrate safe maneuvering practices by clearing airspace visually for targets before turns, climbs, and descents.

Revision #17-1

PPL-1-2 Basic Maneuvers Part 2

 

Flight Crew: Dual

Time Allocation

  • Preparatory Ground Instruction: 20 to 30 Minutes

  • Air Instruction: 1 to 2.0 hours

  • Flight units: 1 to 2 flights

Aim:

The aim of this lesson is to develop the student’s ability to apply attitudes and movements to the basic maneuvers of flying—straight and level flight, climbs descents, and turns—including developing the student's ability to apply the sequence of pilot action needed to perform this maneuvers so as to achieve target altitudes and heading changes.

Preparatory Ground Instruction:

During the PGI, the student will learn:

  • effective traffic scanning techniques, including target detection and scanning sectors management;

  • proper aircraft trimming using the open-palm technique for pitch trim, and rudder trim operations if applicable;

  • compass errors in relation to setting the heading indicator to the compass during flight;

  • techniques for maintaining straight and level flight;

  • proper and safe execution of climbs and descents to target altitudes;

  • proper and safe execution of gentle and medium turns using banked attitudes;

  • Flight Safety: clearing for traffic prior to executing flight maneuvers ("Clear  left/right/above/below");

  • Flight Safety: detection of traffic on a collision course.

Air Instruction:

During the flight lesson, the student will also be introduced to the following skills:

 

  • the conducting of a safe and proper preparation for flight, including aircraft pre-flight inspection, under Instructor supervision;

  • during taxi, proper stop-start techniques, emphasizing smooth and effective brake inputs that keep the aircraft straight when stopping;

  • conducting engine start and pre-takeoff systems checks (run-up), and pre-takeoff checklist, under Instructor supervision;

  • during the takeoff roll, the proper position of the control column (just aft of the neutral position) to smoothly transition from the takeoff roll to the climb attitude for departure;

  • circuit departure procedure and clearance compliance;

  • the use of basic geographic-features to navigation to and from the practice area;

  • proper and effective aircraft trimming technique (the open-palm technique);

  • maintaining straight and level flight as a platform from which climbs, descents, and turns are executed;

  • proper and safe climbing and descent sequences of action (APT and PAT), including the achievement of flight target related to altitude and heading;

  • proper and safe turn sequence of action (TBATtraffic, bank, altitude, traffic, bank, altitude, etc.), including the achievement of flight target related to altitude and heading;

  • proper sequence of action for efficiently obtaining a clearance to enter the zone and joint the circuit;

  • correct compliance circuit-joining clearance;

  • during approach for landing, the use of the control column to manage speed and centreline profile;

  • the conducting of post-flight procedures for after-landing checks, taxiing, shutdown, and securing aircraft, under Instructor supervision.

Post-flight Debriefing:

Review performance: successful performances, areas for improvement and how to improve those areas.

 

Assign readings in preparation for next flight if appropriate:

  • FTM: Climbs, descents, turns:

  • POH: Preparation for flight procedures; electric systems (alternator and battery operations);

  • Radio Procedures: Pre-takeoff, departure and practice area communication;

  • Map reading—specification of the practice area and map features to use to identify its location.

Completion Standards:

Prior to advancing to the next lesson, the student must:

  1. demonstrate the independent ability to maintain straight and level flight within +/- 150' of a target altitude and +/- 20 degrees of a target heading;

  2. demonstrate the ability to conduct climbs, descents, and turns using the proper sequence of actions;

  3. demonstrate the ability to maintain during level turns +/- 150' of a target altitude, and roll out  within +/- 20 degrees of a heading target, and subsequently to resume straight and level flight to standard;

  4. demonstrate safe maneuvering practices by clearing airspace visually for targets before turns, climbs, and descents.

Revision #17-1